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What Is Non-Consumptive Data

NISO Plus 2023 was a virtual global event which happened around the world on February 14-16, 2023. Building on our track record of engagement and conversation, we brought the same quality of content from 2020-2022 to our 2023 gathering. Dozens of amazing speakers and keynotes from across the globe share their knowledge and expertise on important topics for the information community.
Books, journal articles, blog posts, tweets, and more were written to be read by humans– a “consumptive” use. Turning those books, journal articles, blog posts, and tweets into features that allow for computational analysis without needing to share full-text (which may not be allowed under copyright or licensing restrictions) creates “non-consumptive” data. These extracted features can be as simple as word counts, or as complex as multidimensional vectors used by deep learning models. New learners of text analysis need data formats and feature types that are easy to use and understand, but advanced practitioners also need rich metadata describing the structure and provenance of multiple kinds of extracted features. Non-consumptive formats also need to accommodate the often-intensive storage, compute, and transmission demands of text corpora ranging from thousands to millions of documents. In this session, we’ll describe different features currently provided by ITHAKA’s Constellate platform and HathiTrust Research Center, some of the formats in which non-consumptive data is delivered to researchers, current challenges for both the producers of this data and the practitioners who consume it, and open the floor for a discussion on future standards for non-consumptive data.
This presentation was provided by Iain Hrynaszkiewicz of Open Research Solutions during the two-day "NISO Tech Summit: Reflections Upon The Year of Open Science." Day one was held on October 25, 2023.
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