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Solving problems with standards

Abstract
NISO Discourse Discussion for this session
https://discourse.niso.org/t/solving-problems-with-standards/85

NISO Recommended Practices for Video and Audio Metadata
Although many metadata standards address video and audio assets to some extent, a clear, commonly understood, and widely used set of properties is lacking. This is particularly problematic when assets are interchanged between their producers, such as educators, researchers, and documentarians, and their recipients, such as aggregators, libraries, and archives.

The NISO Video and Audio Metadata Working Group (VAMD) was formed to address this problem. Composed of technologists, librarians, aggregators, and publishers, the working group collaborated to develop a set of metadata properties deemed generally useful for the interchange of media assets. This includes bibliographic properties used for identification and citation, semantic properties useful for search and discovery, technical properties specific to media assets, and administrative properties to facilitate transactions.

This model is not intended to employ or replace existing metadata standards and vocabularies. Instead, the VAMD terms are a set of recommended properties to be expressed in the appropriate metadata scheme for specific parties, serving as a hub to facilitate interchange between parties that use different metadata schemes.

This session will present the current state of media asset interchange, the use cases addressed, and the results of a comparison with nine existing related standards, such as MARC and PBCore.

Introducing the Software Citation: Giving Credit Where Credit is Due
Research is commonly intense and complicated. The work to analyze a hypothesis involves building on the discovery of others and contributing new ideas and approaches. Sometimes researchers use tools designed for their community that are licensed or open source, and sometimes they must develop their own software or workflow in order to achieve their objectives. This software (aka code, model) is an important research object that supports transparency and reproducibility of our research. Without the software, it can be much harder or impossible to fully understand how the resulting data were generated and to have faith in the conclusions presented in the paper.

In this session we will share (via slides) 1) the guidance developed by the FORCE11 Software Citation Implementation Working Group for authors, developers, and journals; 2) how it supports and aligns to efforts happening around JATS/JATS4R; and 3) ways for the community to evaluate how well software citations, and necessary availability statements are being provided by authors.


Subsetting the JATS DTD – So What?
As scholarly publishers transition from manual, PDF-based workflows to automated, XML-based workflows, they will find important advantages in subsetting the JATS (Journal Article Tag Suite) DTD.

JATS was designed as a descriptive, not a prescriptive, DTD, so it allows for different ways to capture the same content and information. While this was necessary to accommodate widely divergent journal styles and legacy content, the looseness of the DTD poses problems for people building tools to bring XML forward in more automated publishing workflows. For example, building an online XML editor that allows all 11 ways of associating authors and affiliations would be unnecessarily complex and expensive to develop and maintain.

Fortunately, the JATS DTD was also designed to be easily subsetted. Content analysts can narrow the variations that developers are required to build to, making automated systems cheaper to develop and more robust. A well-designed subset that considers industry initiatives such as JATS4R also aids in making XML content more machine-readable and thus more discoverable.

NISO Plus 2021

91

Global

February 22-25, 2021

NISO Plus 2021 was our first virtual conference, held in February of 2021. A global undertaking, NISO Plus 2021 had over 800 participants from 26 countries come together to have a conversation about the state of the information ecosystem. Here you'll find both the presentations and discussions from that event.

Barbara Chen

1

Consultant - self

Barbara Chen has been in the information industry for her entire professional career. Soon after receiving her MLS, she joined the H.W. Wilson Company as an indexer. She subsequently developed her technological skills when computers were introduced into the company and she became involved in data analysis, training, systems analysis, and new platform development. As her responsibilities steadily increased, she moved into management as Associate Director of Indexing Services for periodical indexes. In 2001, Barbara joined the Modern Language Association as director of bibliographic information services and editor, MLA International Bibliography. MLA took advantage of her large skill set and allowed her to use her creativity to bring this leading humanities database into the 21st century. Barbara has served on several industry association committees including NFAIS Humanities Roundtable, in 2018-2019 as chair, Association of American Publishers Professional and Scholarly Publishing division Committee on Digital Innovation and as well as a Prose Awards judge. She received an NFAIS honorary fellow award in 2019 after her retirement from the MLA. Barbara is currently providing her expertise by consulting in the industry.

Bill Kasdorf

1

Principal - Kasdorf & Associates, LLC

Bill Kasdorf, kasdorf.bill@gmail.com, is Principal of Kasdorf & Associates, LLC, focusing on editorial and production workflows, XML/HTML/EPUB modeling and specification, standards and best practices, and accessibility. He is a founding partner of Publishing Technology Partners. Bill is the W3C Global Publishing Evangelist and is active in the W3C Publishing@W3C work. He co-chairs NISO’s Video & Audio Metadata Guidelines Working Group, is a member and Past President of SSP, and is also a member of BISG’s Workflow Working Group, IPTC, and the DAISY Consortium. He received the SSP Distinguished Service Award, the BISG Industry Champion Award, and the IDEAlliance/DEER Luminaire Award. He is general editor of The Columbia Guide to Digital Publishing and serves on the editorial board of Learned Publishing. Clients have included NEJM, National Academies Press, American College of Physicians, American Psychological Association, SAGE, Harvard, MIT, Toronto, Taylor & Francis, Cambridge, IEEE, Cochrane Library, Pearson, Cengage, VitalSource, World Bank, British Library, OCLC, ORCID, and the European Union Publications Office.

Charles O'Connor

1

Business Systems Analyst - Aries Systems

XML-through journal production workflows

Daniel S. Katz

1

Chief Scientist, NCSA - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Dan is Chief Scientist at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) and Research Associate Professor in Computer Science, Electrical and Computer Engineering, and the School of Information Sciences (iSchool), at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. In past lives, he worked in other universities (Chicago, Louisiana State), government (NSF, JPL), and industry (Cray Research), all focusing on software in some aspect. He still does a bunch of things related to software in a variety of organizations and roles, mostly aimed at making software better and providing credit and recognition to its developers.

Erika Pastrana

1

Editorial Director - Springer Nature


Erika is responsible for management and editorial direction of Nature journals in applied sciences and chemistry (including Nature Biotechnology, Nature Medicine, Nature Methods, Nature Chemistry and Nature Machine Intelligence). She is part of the senior management group at Nature Research and participates in setting the overall strategy for Nature journals and new launches, as well as in the development of new editorial policies and practices. Erika has worked in editorial roles at Nature Research since 2010, and has spearheaded Nature journal’s policies for peer review and publication of code, among others.
Erika obtained her PhD for work on cellular models of axonal regeneration and applications to spinal cord injury in rodents in the University of Madrid. She then worked as a postdoctoral research scientist at Columbia University, in New York, developing technologies to isolate neural stem cells from the adult rodent brain.

Melissa Harrison

1

Head of Production Operations - eLife Sciences Organisation

Melissa Harrison, Head of Production Operations at eLife, has been working in journal STM publishing for over 20 years. Over this time she has embraced the electronic benefits of online publishing and the use of technology to speed up and improve the process. She is committed to open-access publishing and the benefits of mining and discoverability of content for the further enhancement of research and dissemination.

Violaine Iglesias

1

CEO, Cofounder - Cadmore Media

I talk WAY to much about video and video metadata, but I have other interests, too!