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Misinformation and truth: from fake news to retractions to preprints

Abstract
NISO Discourse Discussion for this session
https://discourse.niso.org/t/misinformation-and-truth-from-fake-news-to-retractions-to-preprints/111

Can open access play a role to fight fake news?
The subject of fake news is very topical. With social networks, and the advances of artificial intelligence, fake news are created and circulate faster and faster. Health and sciences are particularly nasty topics for fake news and the current context of Covid19 pandemic has made this crisis in the scientific information even more obvious.
Building on the results that were presented at the Open Science Conference 2020, a prototype that analyzes automatically open access research articles to help verify scientific claims was built.
This prototype takes a claim such as : “does coffee cause cancer ?” as an input, and builds three indicators to evaluate the truth behind this claim. The first indicator assesses whether the claim has been extensively studied. The second indicator is based on an NLP pipeline, and analyzes whether the articles generally agree or disagree with the claim. The third indicator is based on the retrieval and analysis of numerical values from the pertinent articles.
In this session, we would like to present our methodology, discuss the results that we have obtained and extend the discussion to the role that Open Access scholarly literature can play to fight false scientific claims and to help inform the public.

Connecting the dots: A cross-industry discussion on retracted research
Issues around the capturing, acknowledgement, classification, and tracking of retracted research are shared by academic institutions, publishing organizations, and the technology providers who support them. This cross-industry panel, moderated by a researcher and comprised of representatives from a non-profit publisher, an academic library, and a publishing platform provider, will examine shared obstacles and opportunities in processing, documenting, and communicating retractions, and will provide practical strategies for cross-industry collaboration. The panel will be moderated by Jodi Schneider, Assistant Professor, School of Information Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Jodi and other members of her research team have been spending significant time in 2020 bringing together representatives from all areas of the scholarly communication ecosystem as part of a Sloan-funded agenda-setting project. This moderated conversation will be one deliverable from a series of multiple workshops, interviews, and white papers.

Supporting sound and open science standards at the preprint stage
Preprint deposition and consumption has experienced exponential growth over the past year, particularly during the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. Problems with clarity, transparency, and reproducibility are pervasive in preprints and published articles alike. Given that preprints are often the earliest public-facing outputs of research, preprint platforms are in an ideal position to support, incentivize, and guide authors in the adoption of established standards for improving clarity, openness, and rigor in research reporting. This session discusses the misunderstanding and misrepresentation of some preprints during the pandemic and the unique role that preprint platforms can play in curbing disinformation and cultivating best practices at this critical point in the manuscript development process.

NISO Plus 2021

91

Global

February 22-25, 2021

NISO Plus 2021 was our first virtual conference, held in February of 2021. A global undertaking, NISO Plus 2021 had over 800 participants from 26 countries come together to have a conversation about the state of the information ecosystem. Here you'll find both the presentations and discussions from that event.

Caitlin Bakker

1

Research Services Librarian - University of Minnesota

Caitlin Bakker is a health sciences librarian specializing in research support services, including systematic reviews, data management and reproducibility, scholarly publishing, and research impact assessment. She received her Masters in Library and Information Studies from McGill University in 2011 and is a Senior Member of the Academy of Health Information Professionals. Caitlin is interested in meta-research, and her projects have focused on publication models, knowledge synthesis, research ethics, and research impact.  

Carolina Tanigushi

1

Jr Visual Programmer - SciELO

Opscidia

Hannah Heckner

1

Product Strategist - Silverchair

Hannah Heckner has served as Product Strategist at Silverchair since the start of 2020. In this position she provides detailed product visioning, helps to prioritize and execute on the platform development plan, and oversees the Silverchair Universe program. She previously served as the Associate Director of Product Development and the Science Partner Journal Program within the Office of Publishing at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). In that capacity she aided in horizon scanning for and executing on new product ideas for the Science family of journals and its supporting advertising and partnerships business lines while also helping to develop and manage the Science Partner Journal program, launched at the end of 2017. Hannah has worked within the scholarly publishing arena since 2010 and has experience within commercial publishers, non-profit publishing societies, and is excited to have made the recent transition to a platform provider.

Jodi Schneider

1

Assistant Professor - University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Reducing the Inadvertent Spread of Retracted Science: Shaping a Research and Implementation Agenda https://infoqualitylab.org/projects/risrs2020/

Operations Director - Research Square

Michele is the Editor in Chief at Research Square, a preprint platform that launched at the end of 2018. Michele has been with Research Square for eight years, beginning as a Quality Control Editor on the AJE side of the business and then moving on to manage the Figure Formatting and Multimedia services. She has a PhD in Medical Science from Brown University.

Randy Townsend

1

Director, Publishing Operations - AGU


Randy Townsend, MPS, has worked for the American Geophysical Union for 15 years. His career focuses on the execution of the Publications Department's strategic goals, and the performance and development of an expanding portfolio of scholarly journals, requiring oversight of peer review operations and content integrity. He has been a leader in policy implementation and manages allegations of misconduct and ethical violations. Randy serves as a judge for the prestigious EXCEL Awards, serves as co-chair of the Diversity and Inclusion initiatives and sits on the Advisory Board for the Association, Media & Publishing. Randy is a member of the International Society of Managing and Technical Editor’s (ISMTE) Programming Committee and serves as Co-Chair on the Society of Scholarly Publishing's Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Committee. Randy is also the inaugural Editor-in-Chief for the George Washington University’s GW Journal of Ethics in Publishing.

Sylvain MASSIP

1

CEO - Opscidia

Sylvain is a cofounder of Opscidia, a Paris-based start'up created in 2019 with the purpose of  simplying the reuse of the best of scientific literature for improving R&D, public decision-making, and access of the general public to sound scientific information. We believe that the reuse of research results beyond academia will help develop Open Access to scholarly communication.